Urban regeneration is the rehabilitation of land areas that are subject to high-density urban land use. It is a strategy that aims to transform and renovate areas to be upgraded in housing, public and private buildings, infrastructure, and services. This entire process is an effective way to improve urban performance by targeting areas with a high incidence of poverty, pollution, and congestion leading to complete economic and regional development of a specific area.
Urban Regeneration Program is only proven to be successful when sustained. This program largely impacted many urban landscapes and affected the history and demographics of cities around the world. As a result of its successes, urban regeneration is now known as the attempt to reverse declining cities by improving physical structures through new urbanization models and more importantly, enhancing the economy of those cities.
These new urbanization models must be highly enduring systems that prove sustainability,
which is reached by covering all aspects of the four interconnected domains: Ecology, Economics, Politics, and Culture.
Today, the process of urbanization still continues to generate many problems deriving from the drift of the population towards highly populated cities. These problems can be resolved by cities becoming efficient habitats, saving resources in a way that improves the quality and standard of living. The process however, faces a number of major challenges, related to reducing pollution, improving main transportation and infrastructure systems.
New Urban Solutions are required to optimize the use of space and energy resources leading to improvements in the environment, i.e. reduction in air, water and soil pollution as well as efficient ways to deal with waste generation. These challenges contribute to the development of social and economic imbalances and require the development of new solutions.
Large cities are probably the most complex mechanisms to manage. However, despite such complexity they represent a fertile ground for architects, engineers, city planners, social and political scientists, and other professionals able to conceive new ideas and time them according to technological advances and human requirements.